Related Projects and Organizations
Below is a list of national advanced networking projects and organizations
that Internet2 is involved with in some capacity either as a project leader
or co-collaborator. Click on each project for more information.
100 x 100 Project or "100 Megabits to 100 Million Homes"
The 100 x 100 Project is a collaboration of researchers from Carnegie Mellon
University, Fraser Research, Rice University, the University of California
at Berkeley, Stanford University, Internet2, the Pittsburgh Supercomputing
Center and AT&T Research who are attempting to rebuild the nation's Internet
architecture to support speeds of 100 Mb/s to individual homes and small businesses.
The five-year grant for the project was made under the NSF's Information Technology
Research (ITR) Program. http://100x100network.org/
Internet2 Involvement: In addition to providing research
support for the 100 x 100 Project, two Internet2 staff members, Guy Almes and
Lawrence Landweber are serving at Principal Investigators (PI's) on the project.
Global Lambda Integrated Facility (GLIF)
GLIF , the Global Lambda Integrated Facility, is a world-scale Lambda-based
Laboratory for application and middleware development on emerging LambdaGrids,
where applications rely on dynamically configured networks based on optical
wavelengths. GLIF was established at the third annual LambdaGrid Workshop organized
by Kees Neggers of SURFnet and Cees
de Laat of the University of
Amsterdam , and hosted by NORDUnet at
their annual conference in Reykjavik, Iceland, in August 2003.
Internet2 Involvement: Internet2 is a participant in this
project and is participating through lightwave experiments at MAN LAN (Manhattan
Landing) the high performance exchange point in New York City facilitating
peering among U.S. and international research and education networks.
HOPI - The Hybrid Optical and Packet Infrastructure Project
When Internet2 was organized one defining mission was to provide scalable,
sustainable, high-performance networking in support of the research universities
of the United States. The resulting infrastructure, comprised of campus, regional,
and national components, is succeeding and yet must evolve over time. The eventual
hybrid will require a rich set of wide-area lambdas with IP routers and lambda
switches capable of very high capacity and dynamic provisioning, all at the
national backbone level. Similarly, we are working now to encourage the creation
of RONs (for regional optical networks) by the same consortia that currently
operate the gigaPoPs that connect our campuses to Abilene. Finally, the planned
hybrid infrastructure will require new forms of campus LANs. http://networks.internet2.edu/hopi/
Internet2 Involvement: In planning on the Internet2
networking infrastructure needed beginning 2006, we are aiming
at designing and building a hybrid of shared IP packet switching
and aggressive use of dynamically provisioned optical lambdas.
We use the term HOPI (for hybrid optical and packet infrastructure)
to denote both the effort to plan this future hybrid and the set
of testbed facilities we will build to test various aspects of
candidate hybrid designs. To enable the testing of various hybrid
approaches, we are building the HOPI testbed, making use of resources
from Abilene, from the RONs, and from National LambdaRail (of which
Internet2 is a key participant). A HOPI design team, composed of
engineers from Internet2 member universities, is currently planning
this testbed in detail.
Research and Education Fiber Company (FiberCo)
Internet2 has established the National Research and Education Fiber Company (FiberCo)
to support regional fiber optical networking initiatives dedicated to research
and higher education. The concept behind FiberCo is to help provide inter-city
dark fiber to regional optical networks with the benefit of a national-scale
contract and aggregate price levels. The responsibility for lighting this fiber
will rest with the regional networks. A secondary objective is to insure that
the U.S. research university collective maintains access to a strategic fiber
acquisition capability on the national scale for future initiatives. http://www.fiberco.org
Internet2 Involvement: FiberCo provides a means for acquiring,
holding, and assigning fiber optic network assets in support of the Internet2
community's goals of developing and deploying advanced network applications and
technologies. FiberCo facilitates the ongoing development of regional optical
networking initiatives around the country to complement existing Internet2 network
infrastructure while providing a strategic fiber acquisition capability
on the national scale.
PlanetLab is an open, globally distributed platform for developing,
deploying and accessing planetary-scale network services. PlanetLab
nodes support both short-term experiments and long-running network
services. To date, more than 200 research projects at top academic
institutions have used PlanetLab to experiment with such diverse
topics as distributed storage, network mapping, peer-to-peer systems,
distributed hash tables, and distributed query processing.
Internet2 Involvement: PlanetLab is currently the first collocated
research project being conducted on the Abilene Observatory. It is designed
to allow researchers to develop and test powerful, new software not confined
to a single computer but run on many computers at once, treating the global
network, as one large, widely- distributed computer.
The Abilene Observatory supports Planet Lab in eight of the core router nodes,
and installation of the remaining three nodes is expected in the near future.
In collaboration with Planet Lab, the Abilene Observatory is making progress
on implementing an interface for researchers in programmatic and investigative
ways to use this information to build higher performance and more robust network
TeraGrid is a multi-year effort to build and deploy the world's largest,
fastest, distributed infrastructure for open scientific research. When
completed, the TeraGrid will include 20 teraflops of computing power
distributed at five sites, facilities capable of managing and storing
nearly 1 petabyte of data, high-resolution visualization environments,
and toolkits for grid computing. These components will be tightly integrated
and connected through a network that will operate at 40 gigabits per
second. The TeraGrid project was launched by the National
Science Foundation in August 2001 with $53 million in funding
to four sites: the National Center for Supercomputing Applications
( NCSA ) at the University
of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, the San Diego Supercomputer Center ( SDSC )
at the University of California, San Diego, Argonne
National Laboratory in Argonne, IL, and Center for Advanced Computing
Research ( CACR ) at the
California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. http://www.teragrid.org
Internet2 Involvement: Internet2, EDUCAUSE and
SURA as part of the NSF Middleware
Initiative (NMI) is developing an architecture that focuses on
interrealm directories, security, and naming and will integrate these
services into a variety of key applications, including desktop video.
The team will also promote widespread, consistent, and rapid deployment
of these technologies to the higher education and research communities.
Researchers from across the country will be able to tap into the TeraGrid's
resources through high-performance research networks, such as Abilene.
Internet2 WaveCo provisions dedicated circuits for regional networks and other Internet2 members needing to cost-effectively extend their connectivity. With availability anywhere on the extensive Level 3 optical network footprint, WaveCo services complement the Internet2 Network. WaveCo also provides the advantage of national-scale aggregated rates, which are especially beneficial for regional networks that wish to extend their reach to only a few sites with varying demands for circuit capacity or duration. By providing dedicated circuits, as well as fiber, Internet2 enables a wide variety of bandwidth-intensive applications under development at member campuses and research labs today. The WaveCo and FiberCo services are part of Internet2’s commitment to community control of fundamental networking infrastructure.
Internet2 Involvement: Internet2 WaveCo complements the successful model of the Internet2 FiberCo service, which provides the research and education community the ability to cost-effectively purchase dedicated dark fiber on a nationwide scale. The resources afforded by the two services provide an end-to-end solution for greater, flexible network reach. By providing dedicated optical waves and fiber, Internet2 supports community control of fundamental networking infrastructure.